The science behind CarbonCloud

CarbonCloud is based on a biophysical model that has been developed during more than 20 years of scientific endeavors. The model can calculate climate footprints quickly and with a high degree of accuracy.

Climate-curious or sustainability expert?

Pick your own adventure and explore the science behind (and inside) CarbonCloud

The brief CarbonCloud methodology

A crisp look around climate footprints, allocation, system boundaries, and the CO₂e unit of measurement.

The CarbonCloud methodology: Extended

A deep-dive into every factor, mechanism, and modeling parameters of CarbonCloud's methodology

The CarbonCloud standard

Third-party verification

To ensure the environmental integrity of climate footprints, CarbonCloud provides a third-party verification. The verification determines whether the climate footprint conforms to the CarbonCloud criteria.

Meet our science team

VP of Science, PhD

Erik Edlund

Life Cycle Analyst, PhD

Xueting Wang

Co-founder, Science Advisor, PhD, Professor – Advisory Board

Fredrik Hedenus

Life Cycle Analyst

Erik Mårtensson

Scientist, PhD

Emma Jonson

Emma Jonson works as a scientist at CarbonCloud. She has a background in research and earned her PhD at Chalmers University of Technology at the department of Energy and Environment. At CarbonCloud she has been part of product development, producing communication material with scientific content and expanding the CarbonCloud database. With a keen eye for details and the ability to zoom in and out she guarantees the scientific validity of all calculations.




Frequently asked questions

What you measure is climate footprint and the unit with which you measure it is kg CO₂e, or only kg CO₂ if all the emissions are carbon dioxide (CO₂). Think about it as you would with length, where what you measure is the length and the unit you measure it with is a meter. If it makes grammatical sense to write length you write climate footprint and if it makes grammatical sense to write meter then you write kg CO₂e.

There are many different greenhouse gases of which carbon dioxide is the most widely known. Different greenhouse gases affect the climate in different ways. Some stay in the atmosphere for a long time but do not cause so much warming per kg emissions, like carbon dioxide. Others, like methane, heat the earth a lot, but do not stay very long in the atmosphere. There is an exchange rate of sorts, that makes the comparison of the different gases possible. The exchange rate expresses how many kg of carbon dioxide emissions that warm the climate equally as 1 kg of another greenhouse gas. The exchange rate is called Global Warming Potential and is typically abbreviated GWP. By knowing the GWP of different gases the total climate impact of a product can be condensed into one single unit: kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalents (kg CO₂e).


Dive deep into climate science​



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